The Maremmano Horse is a breed of Italian horses that was bred in Tuscany and was used on the cattle ranches. Owing to their calm and trainable nature, these horses are also being used by the police and the army and police presently. They are also popular for their gait, good looks, solidity and capability to adapt themselves to any kind of weather and terrain. These are amazing, well-muscled, majestic horses that have the influences of a few other breeds, including the Thoroughbred. The Marammano horses make good all round riding horses.
|Other Names/Nicknames||Tuscan Horse|
|Behavioral Characteristics||Docile disposition, obedient temperament; amiable, loyal, intelligent, easily trainable|
|Physical Descriptions/Traits||Long, moderately-heavy head, muscular neck getting broad at the base; high, well-muscled withers; full chest with sloping shoulders; short back with a sloping croup; they have solid legs and a sturdy structure with good joints and strong hooves|
|Colors||Gray, brown, black, roan|
|Common Uses||Work, general riding, endurance|
|Height (size)||15.3 hands|
|Health Problems||The breed is generally healthy. No breed-specific health issues. Owners must ensure to maintain a healthy lifestyle and regular vet checkups|
|Movements||Even, energetic trots with long strides|
|Ancestors (Bloodlines)||Thoroughbreds, Norfolk Roadsters|
|Popular Traits||Versatile, strong and hardy, easily trainable|
|Feeding/Diet||General horse diet consisting of hay, grass, grains, vegetables, etc.|
|Country of Origin||Italy|
The origin of the Maremmano horses is shrouded in darkness. Though, strong evidences suggest that these horses are probably the descendants of the North African horses that were developed on Barb, Neapolitan, Arabian, and Spanish blood.
During the time of the ancient Etruscans, these horses originated in the Maremma region of Tuscany and Lazio for the very first time. Since then, until the nineteenth century, these equines have maintained their original characteristics like being strong, squat and skittish.
Back in the sixteenth century, the Neapolitan horses were made famous by Federico Grisone, the founder of the Neapolitan riding academy. Grisone is considered as the first great classical riding master only after Greek rider, Xenophon. In about 1870, this breed began to be crossed with other horses that are docile and more lightly-built.
While the first few Maremmano horses were pure, but probably, it was much later in the 19th century that the other bloods like the Thoroughbred, Norfolk Roadster etc. were introduced into this breed. These new bloods were added in order to increase its size, but some of the original heartiness of the breed was scarified.
A performance test to evaluate and approve the breeding of mares and stallions for the first time was introduced by the Italian Association of Breeders of Maremmano Horses (originally, Associazione Italiana Allevatori Cavallo di razza Maremmana).