Java Pony, also known as the Kumingan Pony, is a breed of large and strong ponies native to the island of Java. Its lightweight conformation, in addition to its endurance and working ability, has made it well-suited to the climate of Indonesia.
Java Pony Pictures
|Temperament/Personality||Willing, gentle, calm, good-natured|
|Physical Characteristics||Tough, wiry, and light; straight profile with heavy head; long ears, lively and expressive eyes; short, muscular neck; pronounced withers, slightly sloping shoulders, deep and wide chest; long back, somewhat sloping croup, high-set tail, strong legs with long cannon bones and poorly developed joints; strong, hard feet|
|Height (size)||11.2-12.2 hands (114-124 cm, 45-49 in)|
|Common Uses||Light agriculture, transportation, cart/draft horse|
|Health||Healthy; not affected by common equine diseases|
|Popular Traits||Strength, robustness, resilience|
|Feeding/Diet||Hay, grass; grain and mineral supplements in small amounts|
|Country of Origin||Indonesia|
|Ancestors||Arabian, Barb, and local horses|
Java Pony (Kumingan Pony) Video
History and Development
The Java Pony originated probably during the 17th century when the “Dutch East India Company” introduced oriental horses for the development of several Indonesian breeds. Many pack and harness type horses were imported once the company had established their first factory on the island in the 16th century. They included Arab and Barb horses in the local breeding stock in order to produce a sturdy breed that would help them in carrying and transporting goods.
- These ponies are now used for pulling ‘sados,’ a type of Indonesian cabs drawn by horses.
- They are ridden using a wooden saddle with attached stirrups, which have a looping rope so that the rider can easily put his toe through it.