Home / Polish Horses / Sokolsky Horse

By Jeffery Garfield

Last updated: 10th May 2017

Sokolsky Horse


Jeffery Garfield
Last updated: 10th May 2017

The Sokolsky is a breed of powerful draft horses that originated about 100 years ago in northeast Poland. Despite being a young breed, the Sokolsky horse has been popular for its versatility, adaptability, and low maintenance needs.

Sokolsky Horse Pictures

Quick Information

Other Names Sokolka
Temperament/Personality Willing, docile, alert, affectionate, calm, energetic, hard-working
Physical Characteristics Slightly heavy head, straight profile, kind and expressive eyes, quite a long neck that is muscular at the base, reasonably sloping shoulders; deep chest with pronounced withers and short, straight back, a sloping croup; strong legs, short cannon bones, well-defined tendons, hard hooves
Colors Bay, brown, chestnut
Height (size) 15-16 hands (152-163 cm)
Weight 550 kg (1,213 lb) on average
Gaited Yes, excellent forward-going movement
Common Uses Farm and heavy draft work, general riding
Health Generally healthy; no known breed-specific diseases
Popular Traits Toughness, strength, stamina, easy to keep, good gaits
Feeding/Diet Forage including pasture, hay, and pellets; a mixture of good-quality grass, hay, and legume is ideal for relatively inactive horses; balancer pellets provide the necessary vitamins, minerals, and protein
Country of Origin Poland
Ancestors Belgian Ardennes, Belgian Heavy Draft, Anglo-Norman, Dole Gudbrandsdal, Norfolk Trotter

History and Development

Breeding of draft horses has long been a tradition in Poland. Horses with a tall, heavy, and muscular stature exhibiting the agility of light, energetic horses were in demand since the beginning of the 20th century. They were needed for pulling heavy loads and agricultural works requiring hauling abilities, as well as for rapid transport. In the 1900s, a new breed of Polish draft horses was bred by crossing Ardennes, Norfolk Trotters, Anglo-Norman, Dole Gudbrandsdal, and Belgian Heavy Draft horses with local stocks. However, hundreds of these animals were used as war horses and were killed during World War I and World War II. Increased mechanization, specifically the introduction of tractors decreased the requirement of Sokolsky in drafting and farming. Moreover, many horses were sold for horsemeat that caused a significant decline in their population. Today, this equine breed is still used for carrying, transporting, and farming.

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