The Unmol Horse is a breed of extremely rare horses that evolved in India, in the North West Punjab province (now in Pakistan). These are horses whose origin and bloodline are covered with mystery and doubt, since it is quite possible that the true bloodline of this horse is already extinct.
Unmol Horse Pictures
|Also Known As||Anmol Horse|
|Behavioral Characteristics||Brave, noble, trainable|
|Physical Traits||Strong, shapely, elegant looking; average to large size with a compact body, long mane and tail|
|Coat Colors||Bay, grey|
|Height/Size||15.1 hands (adult)|
|Common Uses||General riding|
|Health Problems||No reported breed specific issues|
|Popular Traits||Excellent in riding|
|Feeding/Diet||General horse diet including hay, grass, grains, etc.|
|Ancestors||Turkmenian Horse (probable)|
|Country of Origin||India (North West Punjab region, now in Pakistan)|
Video: Trained Unmol Horse Dancing
History and Development
Legend has it that, it was the emperor of Greece Alexander, who brought the Unmol horses to India. If that is true, then it means these horses might have Turkoman roots.
It is quite possible that the pure bloodline of these horses is now extinct. However, in the present day, some people claim to possess the Unmol. Some breeders in the Punjab region have equines, which they call ‘Unmol’. Though, even if there is any specimen left, there are good chances of them not being pure blood, but having Arabian bloodline.
In 1995, FAO listed the conservation status of these equines as ‘critical’, and these horses were described to be “nearly extinct”.
In 2000, and later 2007, the third edition of the ‘World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity’ and the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources were published, respectively. However, the Unmol Horse was not mentioned at all in any of these lists.
Efforts are still being made to identify the purebreds, if any, and preserve them. In this regard, it is to be mentioned that, the Army Remount Department has taken the initiative to act upon identifying and preserving this breed a few years back.
The Unmol Horse has four different subtypes or families, all of which are referred to as the Unmol. They are the ‘Harna’, the ‘Hazziz’, the ‘Morna’, and the ‘Sheehan’.
- Some locals from Punjab, even to this day, say that, the famous Indian King from Punjab – Maharaja Ranjeet Singh – had more than a thousand of these horses in his stable, and he went to war riding a horse called ‘Leilla’.
- Many devout Sikhs from India also think that this breed is a descendant of the horse possessed by the tenth Sikh Guru – Guru Gobind Singh.
- The word ‘Unmol’, in some North Indian languages, means ‘priceless’, which in turn shows how precious they were to the then people from India.