The Vladimir Heavy Draft, a breed of strong, medium-sized draft horses was developed in the Vladimir and Ivanovo regions in the former Soviet Union. Even though it is a working equine breed, its agility along with a stout build makes it suitable for use in riding and dressage.
|Other Names||Vladimir Draft Horse|
|Temperament/Personality||Spirited, willing, intelligent, obedient|
|Physical Characteristics||Muscular body with a large, sharply outlined head, arched profile; elongated and sturdy neck, pronounced withers, slightly lowered back; the loin is short and broad; broad chest with insufficiently sprung ribs, long and sloping croup, correctly set legs; well-developed hair on limbs, mane, and tail|
|Colors||Bay is most common; black and chestnut are less frequent|
|Height (size)||Stallions: 15.8 hands (160 cm) at the withers, oblique body length of 165 cm, circumference of chest 196 cm, cannon bone girth of 24 cm
Mares: 15.5 hands (157 cm) at the withers, oblique body length of 162 cm, circumference of chest 188 cm, cannon bone girth of 23 cm
|Weight||1653-1763 lbs (750-800 kg)|
|Common Uses||Pulls troika sleighs, draft work|
|Health||No known breed-specific health issues|
|Gaited||Yes; smooth, ambling movements|
|Feeding/Diet||Good-quality hay, grass, grains; clean, fresh water|
|Distinguishing Traits||High growth rate, strength, stamina, liveliness, balanced temperament|
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Ancestors||Clydesdale, Suffolk Punch, Shire horse, Ardennes, Percheron|
The Vladimir Draft horse was developed in the early 20th century with the intention of breeding a horse having medium draft power and high speed. Large native horses were crossbred with various imported draft breeds including the Suffolk Punch and the Percheron. Later, the addition of Clydesdale, Ardennes, and Shire blood also influenced the breed. A crucial role in developing the breed was played by the stud farm named Gavrilovo-Posad breeding station. The Vladimir Draft horse was recognized as a true breed in 1946.
Its breeding has now been widespread with the Yuryev-Polski stud producing a significant number of Vladimir Heavy Drafts. Currently, the breed has four lines.