Home / Indonesian Horses / Timor Pony

By Maurice Gainsbourg

Last updated: 23rd March 2018

Timor Pony


Maurice Gainsbourg
Last updated: 23rd March 2018

The Timor Pony, the smallest of the Indonesian ponies, originated in the Timor Island of Indonesia. Its increased stamina and hardy nature make it emerge as an efficient work horses in the present times.

Timor Pony Pictures

Quick Information

Temperament/ Personality Quiet, lively, obedient, good natured, intelligent, willing, fast learner
Physical Characteristics  Narrow frame; small head;  straight profile; short; strong back; deep chest, muscular neck;  prominent withers, straight shoulders, sloping croup, sturdy legs, good joints, and strong feet
Colors Bay, black, brown, chestnut, grey
Common Use Riding, driving, cattle work and farm work,
Height 10 to 12 hands
Weight Approximately 365 pounds
Lifespan Unknown
Health No breed related issues have been reported of this hardy pony
Popular Traits Agile, has immense strength, sure footed, easy-to-maintain
Feeding/ Diet Hay and grain
Country of Origin Indonesia
Year of development Unknown
Ancestors May be the Indian breeds of horses that came to Timor. They are also said to have traits of the ancient Tarpan horse as well as the Eurasian wild horse, Asian wild horse and Przewalski

Timor Pony Video


Though not much details have been obtained about how exactly these horses came into existence, it is believed that they might be influenced by the several Indian horses which were exported to Timor. They are confused with the Flores Pony which was developed in the neighboring Flores Island, though the latter is 12.1 hands in height and commonly found in colors of chestnut and bay.

The Timor Pony can be found dwelling in the gullies and hills of the Timor Island. However, a large number of them had been brought to Australia in the beginning of the 19th century, also playing a significant role in forming the foundation stock of several newer breeds like the Coffin Bay Pony, and Waler Horse. They were even used as pack horses by the graziers and explorers.

The Timor Pony was of great utility in performing a host of tasks on the gold fields, while post the Gold Rush many of them had been released into the wild. These ponies can still be found in the northern part of Australia, while its breeding is supervised by the Australian Pony Stud Book. This breed also gained popularity in Newzealand, with many of them being brought from Australia to be employed on gold fields in between the 19th and 20th century. It is also said that their arrival to Newzealand occurred as trick ponies that came along with the circus troupes of Australia, with the unwanted ones being released into the bushes.

Interesting Facts

  • In the Second World War Dutch and Australian commandos used this breed as mounts while fighting against the Japanese.
  • The Timor Pony had been referred in Banjo Paterson’s poem, “The Man from Snowy River”, which was published in the year 1890.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe to our newsletter