The Heck Horse is a breed of small horses that were produced not just to look like but also possess some of the traits of the extinct Tarpan horse (Equus ferus ferus). These horses with their gentle nature are quite strong to carry both the children and the adults. The breeders are now crossbreeding these horses with some of the other breeds including the Arabian and the Welsh pony to create larger equine breeds with the primitive characteristics of the Tarpan.
|Common Nicknames||The Heck|
|Temperament/Personality||Curious, intelligent, friendly, calm but very independent; even though it is stubborn it will not over react|
|Physical Characteristics||Well-balanced, muscular body with large head; thick and strong neck; big jaws; low withers, powerful hind quarters and legs; very tough hooves; has primitive markings including the horizontal stripes on its legs and the dorsal stripes with dark hair on the mane as well as the tail|
|Colors||Dun or grullo; does not have any white markings; smoky gray body with flaxen mane and tail|
|Common Use||General riding, working with livestock; also used for therapeutic horseback riding|
|Lifespan/Life Expectancy||It can survive for 25-30 years|
|Height (size)||12.2-13.2 hands (127-137 cm, 50-54 inches)|
|Health||A healthy and hardy breed with no known health issues|
|Gaited||Has a high stepping movement that makes riding comfortable and gives the horse an attractive look|
|Popular Traits||Cleverness, high endurance, willingness to work; good immunity to diseases, high fertility; does not need any special care|
|Feeding/Diet||General horse diet comprising adequate amounts of grass, hay, grain, and fresh water|
|Care||Because of its inherent semi-wild nature, it requires frequent access to the outdoors|
|Country of Origin||Germany|
|Ancestors||Gotland, Icelandic horse, Konik, Przewalski’s horse|
|Year/Time of Development||May 22, 1933|
The Heck brothers (Lutz Heck and Heinz Heck), in an effort to genetically recreate the Eurasian wild Tarpan horse started working at the Munich Zoo (Tierpark Hellabrunn) in the early 1900s. They thought that back breeding the progeny of the Tarpan would successfully produce the extinct species. Several other breeding programs also utilized the idea, but genetically different stocks were used to develop a species that would look like the Tarpan.
The Heck brothers crossbred several European breeds of small horses and ponies that are considered the descendants of the Tarpan. The mares of Swedish Gotland pony, Polish Konik, and Icelandic horses were integrated, and these mares were mated with the wild Przewalski’s horse stallions. The offspring produced from the initial crosses were mated with each other. In 1933, this breeding program resulted in the birth of the first foal that had the dun coloration.
Only those horses that exhibited the preferred coloration, skull shape and bone structure were used in breeding these horses. As the young horses inherited the traits of their parents, the structure and coloration of the equine breed became set. During the Second World War, the breeding stock was obtained from the German-occupied nations. The Heck brothers used the Konik horses that were previously reintroduced into the Bialowieza Forest in Poland by the Polish biologist Tadeusz Vetulani. After the war, the horses were again sent back to the forest. A small number of these horses are still seen in the Bialowieza.
The Heck horse was first imported to the US in 1954, which was followed by three more horses – two mares in 1955 and the third mare in 1962. The first stallion along with the three mares became the foundation stock of the breed in America. The Heck horse lovers with an intention of promoting the breed established the North American Tarpan Association in the 1960s.